Friday, 7 December 2007

Self Generated-Children in Need

Children in Need amazingly raised up to £19,089,771 this year, which is better than 2004 when we raised just over £17 million.

Sir Terry Wogan and Ferne Cotton presented the show in November 2007, this was Wogan's 27th year of presenting Children in Need. Dedication? I think so.

On the night they had various events going on. There was singing, dancing, films, tv shows, etc. Kylie performed her new song, along with Spice Girls and Boyzone. They even had the boys from the bill, giving us a Rat Pack tribute.

Apart from the money raising, there was enjoyment and laughter that came with it too, which was amazing. Pudsey the bear was first shown on screen in 1985 when the show first appeared on televison. Joanna Ball who was from a town called Pudsey, orginally designed him and wanted some meaning into his name. Pudsey even has his own email address and his famour line of merchandise which has also helped with raising money. Everyone around the world is familiar with who Pudsey is. For nearly 20 years Pudsey has been with the Children in Need and he is the most loved and recognised faces which is associated with a charity.

Recently the BBC reported that all over the country schools were trying to help within the raising for Children in Need, a nearby college class, recently studying Media Production came into the limelight for the day and decided to dress up in costumes and try and raise some money for Children in Need. They went out and about the nearest town centre to their college and asked people for their donations and they raised over £258 for the charity. I spoke to one member of the group called Katie Marshall and she said, "we're all very proud of how much money has been raised, i wish we had gained a little bit more, but i'm happy and i'm sure the charity will be most grateful."

They all paid a pound to wear their own fancy dress, and that money went straight to the charity too and they all said "knowing that we've done a good thing, for people who really need us, I had a great night sleep."

Self Generated-Fulfilling your dream

Proving you love something so much and showing people you are dedicated, all this paid of for Laura Ashworth, from Falmouth.

Laura Ashworth, 19, who is from Falmouth spoke to me about her tough time through college and then finally making it to become a beautican for 'Clarins'.

Laura now works in Croydon, but recently moved from Falmouth to go for training in London. Laura went from what she described as "a mind numbing course at college", where she was studying for a Child Care diploma. Now she is out there in the 'real world' and has made it as a beautican.

Some people reading this may think, "why did she decided to have a career change which is completely different to what she was studying for?"

A lot of people do this, and true, it doesn't always work out for the best and for others it's the best discision.

Laura had an interview with Clarins, you had to be 18 for the job, so she was lucky to be old enough, they didn't hesitate to ask her back for another interview, even though she hadn't had any training. Now training in London, she knows alot more than she did.

When Clarins asked her to come in for an interview, Laura was so excited and couldn't wait. She said, "all my friends and family are behind me on this and are supporting me on however it turns out."

She had her first training session in Bond Street, London in Novemeber last year and in the New Year coming up she is hoping to boost more knowledge about the company and maybe work herself up higher within the company. After all, she was only training for the knowledge of the merchandise and for her selling techniques.

Even though Laura hadn't recently studied a Beautcian course at college and then moved on to doing this, she said, "I advise people to get into a course that will take them places for things they would definatly go back for. I wish I had done that so I could at least tell people how I gained my achievement."

If she could go back, she would, and go to college and get a diploma in health and beauty which propbably would've sent her on her way faster. In stead Laura was studying for a year and half...this isn't including the time it took her to eventually get the interview.

Laura finally said, "Listen to your head not your heart and think about what you want and get that goal!"

Thursday, 6 December 2007

Guest Speaker-Kirsty Newton

We had another interesting guest speaker in our lecture today, Kirsty Newton, the editor of 'Cornwall Today'. She told us about all her experiences within the industry.
She gained a diploma in Journalism, which was in Preston. Kirsty said: "Don't turn your nose up at regional journalism, that would be my main advice."
As Kisrty was working from home mostly, she also mentioned that the money issues were fantasic, but also got lonely.
Kisrty worked for the Cornish lifestyle magazine. When she arrived at the magazine she said the page count increased by 40, up to 216 pages every issue and they were printing 16,000 copies a month.
Some articles were written mostly by the freelance journalists. They work from about 10p a word, therefore if they are producing a 2000 word article, they would get £200.
Kirsty also writes for 'Brides' in Cornwall, but dedicates herself more to the Cornwall Today.

Guest Speaker-Boyd Farrow

"Journalism is like doing a crossword", these were the first words of Boyd when he came to Falmouth to speak to our class.

Boyd didn't want to walk into a lecture hall with a room full of people staring at him, waiting for him to tell us about his life. So he was grateful when we contributed to the lecture, by asking him questions too and getting involved.

Boyd thinks people should be journalists because they love writing, not because they want to make a lot of money or be famous and writing things you are truely passionate about. Boyd worked for 'Screen International' which is a magazine for the film industry. After a couple of years, he rose up and then became the editor of the magazine.

Boyd describe himself as "self confessed grown-up-adolescent". He found it really exciting telling us about how he got to meet his film idols at film festivals. He met his idol Robert Di Nero. Boyd said he was 'painfully' shy and they didn't really speak to each other and he was getting a little scared.

He finally got bored of the film journalism and moved on to become a business journalist, now the deputy editor of European business. Being a freelance journalist, so working from wherever he may be works well for him, and as he sees the future within the journalism world to be poor, business will all soon be online so therefore all will be able to reach the more 'mobile' freelancers who are around and about.

I wonder when it'll change, and if we'll actually notice?

Critical Anaylsis on the history of journalism 1

In the lecture with Jason Whittaker, we looked at the introduction to the theories of political economy, the 'Habermas's theory of the public sphere and the notions of the forth estate and also ways in which to demonstrate the development of journalism during the 18th and 19th centuries.

We looked at different theories such as; Liberal, Marxist, Realist/Pragmatic (this was essentially an anarchy of self-interest in pursuit of resources) and Constructivist.

The Liberal approach to this was that the state is seen as separate from the body of the monarch itself and that power resides in a form of public consent. So therefore has to wait for approval first. The Labour theory was of value, and their work added some sort of surplus to some of the things that gave us the right to make them into our property and everyone knows that one main thing in life is to protect private property.

The Marxist approach to this was that it was all economic based and the key was to the ideological superstructures. This was for most of us and our fundamental resource, which was labour. However, we are alienated from the products by capitalism which was leading to class struggle, but the end resulted in the alienation became a commodity fetishism. This was therefore one example of 'false consciousness' and can be seen as the use of ideology as a social repression as well.

After looking at Jurgen Habermas and the Public Sphere, we found out that the publish date of the Public Sphere was about 1984. The notion of 'Offentlichkeit' got it's origins from the Greek ideas of what was of citizenship centred on the 'polis' and 'agora'. This was a combination of a private trad and a publice discussion, which began again in the 17th century. This was prior to the appearance of a publice sphere, and the ideas of private life had to gain some sort of currency.

When the merge of the publice sphere came about, the spread of the trade actually required a more accurate approach for some information. Therefore it was spread by gossip, word of mouth, you could heard it everywhere you went, for example; coffee house, taverns etc. This all became more formalised within time. The press emergeed, and that is when they took advantage of this 'hunger for information'.

With the development of the publice sphere, I believe that the initial stage was to concentrate on commerce. Also journals, for example; 'The Spectator', which moved into taste and fashion. As their confidence increased, the middle classes became more and more involved in politics that ever before. The Early growth of the public sphere was actually quite informative, the first nws sheet was printed in the 1640's during the Civil War, then came the Restoration which developed in 1660 and the Glorious Revolution. The Licensing act came about arounf 1662, the stationer's company was thn established in 1684, and finially the Licensing act lapses in 1695. This was because of the attempts to control the press within Britain, which was run alongside a period of relative liberty.

Now looking into the Forth Estate, and the struggle in which to gain it. In 1776, Thomas Paine decided to publish 'Common Sense' and then following a few years after that, due to the response of the French Revolution, Paine decided to publish 'The Rights of Man'. Then they were trying to radicalise the press as an alternative to the official sources. The economic sanctions were in their glory, for example: the stamp duty rose 266% between 1789 and 1815.

The progress of the radical press, there was a political repression which had a short-term benefit, but was therefore 'counterproductive' in the long-term. In 1843 the Libel Act actually reduced the effect of seditious libel, therefore authorities only relied of taxation and bonds. The radical press still continued to grow. They were a victim of their own success and it increased within circulation when it brought additional costs. In 1886, W.T Stead and the Pall Mall Gazette then decided to emerge wih the 'sensationalist journalism'. Therefore because they made this attention-grabbing it worked.

Wednesday, 5 December 2007

Critical Anaylsis on technology in journalism

Karl Marx said "The windmill gives you society with the feudal lord: the steam mill, society with the industrial capitalist."
Technology and policy revolutions can often be portrayed as the same, but then again this isn't always so. They often change links to the radical fiscal and political changes. Back in 1980's there was decentralisation and the 1990's globalisation came about. This is called the Neophiliacs versus pessismists.
Johannes Gutenberg's printing press was developed in 1448 and in 1476 William Caxton introduced the press to England, these were the Mercurius Aulicus-1643, Publick Intelligencer-1655 and London Gazette-1702.
All the first metal printing presses were made in 1800, then in 1814 the Koenig steam press was introduced, which was the production of 1000 per hour instead of 250 per hour. So therefore quite popular.
Then cam along the social and commercial consequences, which included the industrialisation of the press itself and also other innovations then led to extensive capital costs such as: in 1860's the machine compositing, 1880's the enhamcement of the paper mills and then in 1886 the invention of linotype, which then increase literacy as print became more and more cheaper.
In the 1830's there was a development of the telegraph and different standards of communication. This was called 'the Victorian internet'. In 1844 there was the introduction to the great Morse code, therefore this enabled fast communication with extended European empires with the help of the establishment of news agencies in the mid 19th century. The agencies were Reuters and Havas.
The late 90's newspapers were embracing on the fact of the web coming into force. this was more successful than any other group at that time. This could then open up different sources of outside definers.
Reuters were established with the pre-dates within the web in 1851. By 1991, they then had 200,000 terminals with news-based information which was then worth just over $640 billion, this was strongly linked the financial markets. Gerald Long said: "If someone assassinates the Amercian president, it that general or market news?"
The information was an overload, and we may even be willing to pay for less news now but the early hype about the web...will it make everyone a publisher?
Then again, setting up a home page, doesn't always make us publishers. Some new technologies enable us to make us multi-skilled 'entrepreneurail journalists', this also reduces some to status of the date-inputters.
Transnational networks have created a few problems within the national regulators. There are companies that have contributed to the development of the cyberspace world.

Critical Anaylsis on international media

The Japanese media includes a various amount of tv and radio networks. This is as well as magazines and newspapers.

Where the networks were based, they established most television networks and based them upon the capital contributions. This was from the previous exisiting radio networks. It is important to understand about the capital commitment between the media, like the relationship between radio, television and newspaper networks.

The Japanese media is a prime example of how the media has evolved through societies structure. The smaller private companies within the five mainstream outlets usually produce more innovative texts as they aren't always influenced by the states. Because the state is risky as the company could lose out on any underhand deals, it means the free press does not censor what is therefore printed but anything that is printed is nagative. Therefore the japanese press is corrupt.

Around 70% of the country's terrain is very large now. They are transmitting television and radio signals around, this is proving to be a large challenge for them.
On the front page of the japanese papers, they will never show any articles on their politics, prime minister, or any state leaders. Where as, Britain always show this, to let readers know they are being let down. Their government regulations for broadcasting are complicated a very strict.

Because the Japanese believe in the 'hierarchical' system, which is between the inferior and the superior. Most day to day events. Now, this affects their public sphere, it works dramatically because not everyone is allowed to give views and opinions.

Japan does not believe in individualism.

Critical Anaylsis on journalistic markets

Globalisation and national media

In this lecture we learnt about the outline to the main news markets are in the UK, how to reconsider some of the key elements around theories of globalisation and to explore some of the issues around the market driven media.

Within the media world, newspaper and magazine publishers do actually vary from some what enormous mutinational conglomenates to very small single-titled companies or even family owned concerns.

The main newspaper players include things such as; News international group, Daily Mail and General Trust (DMGT), Trinity Mirror PLC, Telegraph Group LTD, Guardian Media Group (GMG) and Northern and Shell PLC. Now going through what each point represents:

News International Group:
The subsidiary of the news corporations are apart of this which includes; BSkyB, BBC and Fox, out of the newspaper titles they have listed; The Times, The Sun and The News of the World. In 2005 their assests were $55 billion and revenue were $24 billion. There were 175 newspaper publishers worldwide and employing more than 15,000 people. In 2004 the newspapers revenues increased from £686 million to £831 million.

Daily Mail and General Trust:
The Daily Mail and General Trust are one of the largest media companies in the UK. They incorporate associated newspapers such as; The Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday and The Evening Standard. The origins date back to the launch of the Daily Mail back in 1896, and then in 2004 their turnover was £2.1 billion with profits of £234 million. They introduced nearly 19,000 employees which included magazines, broadcasting and financial divisions.

Trinity Mirror PLC:
This is another one of the main UK publishers with nearly 250 titles, they began with regional press which were; Western Mail, Liverpool Echo and Birmingham Evening Mail. They then decided to bring in The Mirror and People. In 2004 they had a turnover of £1.15 billion and proits of £215 million, but also debts laid on top of that which were £450 million. Their employees were increasing over more than 11,000 people across the UK.

Annabelle Sreberny-Mohammedi suggests that there are three positions on globalisation, one of which was; developmentalist, where the use of the mediaa could help developing countries. The cultural pluralism is the revison of the mediaa environment, but as a more complex ordeal.

The cultural pluralism examples are that television exports more from Brazil than Portugal, this is in despite of the colonial heritage involved. Where as within film, Hollywood is seen as the more dominant over Bollywood, but still close behind it. The flaw in globalisation is deeply concentrated in the US, Europe and the Pacific Rim, this is with China to play an important role.

Picard has views on the global communication controversies which involve criticisms of the news duoplay by emerging the nations together. Where as counter criticism is developing, nations often restrict access to the informtion available.

Within the market driven journalism, it is seen as though journalism is often driven by the environment, this is institutional and cultural. Media film, which is of a local branch of parent corporation and news departments.

Critical Anaylsis on producing the news

The lecture about producing the news was actually very interesting. We got information on news manufacturing, structures surrounding and gate keeping.

Looking at what events journalists see as being news, we looked at: Frequency, threshold, intensity, meaningfulness, consonance, unexpectedness, continuity and composition. You know them withouth looking, they are always the same. This is news as a social process.

The way in which journalists organise the production for the news, they have a 'beat', there is a history beyond individuals who work within different aspects of the news. For example; Crime, sport, social events etc. A reporter is assigned to a beat but doesn't own it. It is seen as a complex job; the 'object of reporting', or it can be looked at as though it is a socialable job.

Sequences are seen as being in a relation to any other sequence. Part of this relation is the 'genre' of the reporting itself. Relations also can occur as part of the social framework-such as; events happening in the same place like the court. Events also that are assumed to be self evident and to exist independatly of the observer.

Detecting an event that is going on, is assumed not to change this event, an event occurs logically and temporary before detction of the event. As for this, all these points apply and of course journalists must not corrupt, be biased or defected in anyway whatsoever.

A good reporter must get good sources who sound authoritive and quotes that show both sides of a story. Where the audience is concerned, they need a story that is going to keep them interested and holds their attention. Therefore the story needs to be important, relevant, entertaining and full of interest. When the story is enough to grab the auidences attention, the reporter needs to make sure they can get to the event to report it.

A gate keeper, David Manning White, he has experience as a journalist, he is a wire editor for a morning newspaper. He copy, edits and writes the headlines. The role of gate keeping can work as means of social control, bu also a filter to reduce the media 'noise'. This is embedded within life expriences, but doesn't work on personal whim. Gate keeping is also included in social ideaologies and cultures.

The production cycle: you have to consider the planning, gathering of information, the selection and the production itself. Predictability of long-term events, this is to make the unpredictable routine as possible. Gathering is actively collected by correspondents. The selection is culled, collated and edited, this means that the agencies and editors transform events into news. Lastly, the production itself is organised so that the form fits in with the auidences expectations.

Critical Anaylsis on the institution of the mass media

Taking into consideration some of the key theories of the study of the mass media are, exploring some consequences of concentration of media ownership. Also the outline of current trends that are affecting the development.

Within the mass media, the determinist tradtions emphasise the relations of the media to the more dominant groups. Whoever owns the media production, do they have the power?

Emphasis on liberalism and self undermines instituions that could resist totalitarian tendances in society. Important values are also subsituted for by a hollow commodity feitishism. This depoliticizes the working class, sells the desire for consumption, what will bring us satisfaction?

The Mass Media proposes a system of 'fliters' through which the mass media dissrminate information: 1. They are a concentrated ownership. 2. Advertising as the primary income source of the mass media. 3. The reliance on official sources and so on.

The pluralistic sociology of the mass media is a counter tradition that considers the effect of audience respondes to the media. The media and propaganda (more generally) may work by reinforcement rather than conversion. Therefore audiences are then rarely homogeneous and are then more often active, selective in their readings, such as; studios tend concentrate on users and gratification theory.

Critical Anaylsis on the history of journalism 2

Analysising the media and popular culture lecture earlier on this week. We started to look in the public sphere and the history of journalism itself.

Since the 19th century, the roles of the press have changed in such a dramtic way. The powers who owned all the larger companies were actually in control of what was being printed. Although the printing press was such an expensive item, there were more and more copies of the print that was being distributed.

We started the lecture off by mentioning some approaches to the political economy, we found out there are four main approaches, such as; Marixt, Realist/Pragmatic, Liberal and Constructivist. Marxist approaches look at the political economy by emphasising a class based struggle. Also, economic base is the key to the ideological superstructure and for most of us our fundament resource is labour, but we are alienated from the products of this by capitalism leading to class struggle. Alienated from power.

Their role in advertising moved the media to an vast economic determinism. The mass advertising got noticed after the instituion of advertising duty, which was in 1853. Therefore this meant that the more 'eye-catching' advertisements could get away with paying no tax and was so much more effective as it was bringing more businesses their way.

As the public sphere increased, stages of trade to concentrate on commerce. Journalists such concentrated on the spectator and moved into taste and fashion which helped move the public sphere along. This meant that middle classes became more interested and involved in politics.

Also the politicians were noticing that the mass of the population, the media were now reaching a new high. They wanted to gain more income support such as, getting their voices heard through the media seemed like an ideal situation. Politicans did change the public sphere, this therefore helped the increase in their coverage. Now, there is an increase where new puplications are being formed throughout a handful of different mediums such as; internet as well as the newspapers.

Within the changing of the public sphere, engaged in education, you had to be apart of a class and some races were excluded from them.

Mass politics of the late 19th/20th century changed the nature of the sphere. Politicans and authorities became less and less concerned with rpressing than managing debate. With the rise of the press barons, industrialisation and commrcialisation saw the rise of a new type of entrepreneur, of which Northcliffe and Beaverbrook were archtypes. Effects would've included concentration of ownership, greater proprietorial control and political intervention. After all, their influence can be greatly over exaggerated, but the most important change was to establish press as business.

Critical Anaylsis on tabloidisation

The thought of Tabloids beating Broadsheets by the amount of readers, journalists hate the fact!

Tabloid newspapers are moving further and further away from other newspapers. Tabloids are recorded to have a readership of over 8 million people everyday, where as Broadsheets only have 2 million a day. So why are tabloids seen as a bad read? People clearly enjoy reading tabloids over broadsheets.

Tabloids seem to attract more female than male readers. Newspapers such as The Sun which is a very popular tabloid paper only involves stories that are contemporary and doesn't involve high concentration. Their stories involve what the Beckhams are doing, and who's cheating on who in the celebrity world.

They also use alot of emotionalism, this is to tell the readers what to or how to feel about the story. Therefore is seen as a 'must', but doesn't follow on with 'or else'. The main Human Interest story of this year has been about Madeline McCann. The Sun recently printed their front page saying "Pray for Maddie" and a huge photograph of her on the front. Demanding tabloids.

Where as Broadsheets are seen as very informative and they do contain stories that people what to hear about. They are seen as being a good read, but where as Tabloids' main news is mostly celebrity based, it is seen as poor writing.

All rumours and pain goes into the stories in Tabloid newspapers. UK press will continue with this type of printing until someone tells them otherwise. As they do have the higher readership rates everyday, I don't think that'll be changing any time soon.

I'm sure the tabloids can think of better things to write about?

Critical Anaylsis on Photojournalism

During the lecure-'Making meaning from photographs' we discovered that using photographs withing journalism is great, they give out so many different meanings, and making sure the readers don't forget.

Looking at Roland Barthes, a structuralist believes that the 'Indexial' level meant that images resembled objects because they were produced under circumstances that they wre phyiscally forced to correspond point by point to nature. Roland Barthes has published books called, 'Mythologies' and 'Reflections on Photography'.
Images can encourage you to form an opinion of what the photograph is trying to explain/tell you. Susan Sontag says that photographs represent a window on the world. They offer a part of what was there. The newspapers use images so that they have an evidence of what happened or is happening.

Going back to Barthes, he has his own structuralist roots to mention that the press photograph should not be regulated as an isolated structure. He says: "In communication with at least one other structure-namely the text.

Also looking into what Sassure's semiotic approach is to photojournalism. It is 'anchored' by specific textual messages, the readers can be encouraged to view the images in a very certain light. Looking at 'Iconic' images, photographs become more symbolic of a particular event, therefore this will trigger the memories of previous readers and their related feelings and emotions.
Photographs such as the one used on the 'Sun's' website appearing on December 1st would not work without the caption and article below but still have symbolic features. This is because the story is about the teacher who has been accused of insulting Islam. Even though looking closely...aren't most of the Islamic boys named after Mohammed within their middle names? Aren't they contradicting themselves?

Self Generated-Car Crime

Crime around Penryn is getting worse. After having my car keyed, also following that my housemate Danielle Burt had hers done too. We were blaming everyone. No one was innocent in our eyes.

After moaning and blaming people, Danielle and I had calmed down a little bit. The worst thing is, I was at home when the two cars got scratched and nothing was heard.

As I was furious at what had happened, I phoned the police and reported it to them, to be honest I didn't think they would do anything about it, but the following day a police woman was knocking on the backdoor. I showed her both cars, and she went around Shute Meadow, our road and asked people if they had seen anything.

Now, I know it was good of them to send someone out, but the day it happened I did that anyway. So she didn't get much luck. A quote I found on the BBC's news website made me laugh..."The drop in vehicle crime is remarkable. Our aim is to prevent crime in the first place and this appears to be working."-Pc Tim Brooks.

Suprisingly I had another visit from another policeman today, around 2pm. He wanted to see if anything else has occured since the incident last Tuesday. Everything else has been ok. Apart from the £526 I have to pay for my car now.

They are going to keep popping down to check the area, which is great, if it will stop these guilty people.

News Writing Assignment 4

Nearly up to a 70% rise in fraud within London and only in the first few months of 2007.

Now Londoners are facing the fact that they are now three and a half times more likely to become some of the victims within the fraud crimes.
If you are concerned with what areas haven't been 'hit' by the fraudsters, it is of great interest that we have been told, anyone living on the inside of the M25 barriers, they are more than likely going to be a victim of it. People who live in the Kesington area are five times more likely to be hit by fraud.

I looked on the Metropoliton Police website and searched for Fraud in Kesington, this is what the website said: "We place great importance in the concept of Partnership and neighbourhood policing and we take pride that our relationships with the local authority and other agencies in the borough are both positive and solid."

The fraudsters are looking into places where Londoners are bringing money and more population to those areas, this includes places such as; Guildford and also very high on the list is Clapham Junction.
Credit rating agency, Experian have been contacted by more victims of identity fraud in the first half of 2007, representing a two thirds increase on the previous year.

It has been brought to our attention that a larger amount of victims are unable to mention the problem themselves. Therefore they have discovered that they're identities are not safe. There being a large number of fraud within copying of addresses, names, etc. The ID frauds main issue is copying of address, this is seen to be the worst of all.

Fraud and Regulatory Compliance Director, Helen Lord said: "Our analysis reveals valuable new insights into the problem, however no one should be complacent; they need to take active steps to protect themselves against identity theft."

Also a quote from Jonathon Flindell said: Twenty five fraulent applications were made in my name, but only a handful were actually successful because they didn't know my full personal details." He continued to say, “Despite being careful and doing everything right to protect myself I still became a victim, it is an extremely stressful and unnerving experience to have your identity stolen I wouldn’t wish it on anyone.”

Jonathan was a 37 year old victim of identity theft earlier this year, after he moved house he had applied for credit cards and was refused. As the credit card company had told him he had already recieved a card from them with a balance of £6,500 this made Jonathan think.
It was the new occupiers of Mr Flindell's house that had applied for credit card in his name.

Tuesday, 4 December 2007

News Writing Assignment 3

Outside Broxsham rubbish dump, a man dies after being attacked in a 'road rage' whilst waiting to drive into the dump.

64 year old Harry Hampton died on Thursday afternoon due to a man who was described to be in his forties, got out of his car where the couple were waiting outside the dump. The man attacked Mr Hampton, after the two 30 minute long queues mergered into the enterance of the dump.

Mr Hampton, was taken to hospital by his wife after the attacker had scurried off soon after the attack. He arrived at hospital with a broken arm and a cracked rib, he died six hours later in hospital.

A neighbour of Mr and Mrs Hampton, Susan Witchard, 67, described Mr Hampton as "an extremely good friend and neighbour, I can't believe the news." She went on to mention, "Harry and Barbara were so happy together. They both had grown-up children, from previous relationships and were excited about starting a new life together in Broxham. I'm devastated."

A consultant clinical psychologist, Toby Norris said: "Outbursts known as 'road rage' and 'queue rage' seem to be growing as life gets more crowded. People are more likely to become angry when they feel frustrated or restrained and may perceive themselves to have been attacked or insulted regardless of whethr someone has innocently or deliberately jumped the queue."

Now the police are appealing for any eye witnesses to the incident that happened on Thursday afternoon. They are also making a direct appel for the man who assulted Mr Hampton to come forward. The attacker is believed to have been driving a silver BMW and is described as a white man in his forties, said to be around 5ft 7", he is clean shaven, possibly wearing glasses and of a stocky build."
Detective Inspector Helen Havers of Wishingshire police said, "There was a very long queue of cars and there must be several people who saw what happened."

So anyone with any idea of who the attacker of Mr Hampton is, please contact the police immediately.

News Writing Assignment 2

Croxford Hospital closes after outbreak of the Legionnaires’ disease.

From 10am this morning, patients that are waiting for non-emergancy operations have been sent home and also no further patients are being permitted due to the outbreak of the disease which is thought to have started in the air conditioning unit on the marternity ward, which was detected around 7pm yesterday evening. All patients have been told to contact their GP's for any problems.
Within the burst of the Legionnaires' disease, two women have been victims of it already and recently the thrid victim being a new born baby in the ward.

Nearly 250 patients in the hospital, will have to be transferred to other hopsitals around the area, this is for their own safety. As the families of the patients still within the hospital, they have stopped all visitors until the patients are transferred out of Croxford hospital, therefore the hospital has set up a hotline for any relatives wanting to get hold of patients.

Three patients have been sent to Parkhurt hospital to be treated, two of whom who have just had babies and one newborn baby. The Mother of one of the patients, Lilly Harborne, 59, said: "My daughter had the baby, a little boy, on Friday. They've kept the baby in hospital for treatment, we are all absolutely distraught." A midwife who was working on the ward at the time is also being treated.

Causing a number of complications, Legionnaires' disease can cause, worst of all; failure to major important organs, acute renal failure, it can also cause the organism to spread through the bloodstream. It has been said that air conditioning units can cause people great harm, the symptoms often start with coughing, generally start to get aches and headaches.

As the hospital is closed for a few days, this means the emergancy arrangements are set to be in place only for a couple more days. Now everyone is just waiting for the all clear, so we know it is safe and clear of the infection.

Monday, 26 November 2007

Guest Speaker-Paul Lashmar

Paul Lashmar is a Journalist who has covered many of the major stories of the last 30 years. He is now freelance, working for many organisations and also as a TV Producer, film and programme consultant, author and journalism trainer.

Now an Investigative Journalist, Paul started a Broad Media course in 1978, he was a researcher for the Observer, but said he didn't enter the journalistic role in a modern way.
As a 23 year old graduate, Paul joined The Observer newspaper in June 1978. Since then he has become an investigative journalist. Paul also has broadcast experience and for three years he was apart of Granada's: 'World in Action'. Also producing a number of programmes for BBC’s Timewatch and Channel 4’s Dispatches series. Paul has become the author of three books.
He and a friend, David Lee started working together as a team. David was assigned to work with Paul and did so for eight years. They were awarded for their fantastic reports. Lashmar said "we were always getting our hands dirty with major news stories, then these were backed up by an editor".
After the eight years of working together, they both went onto working for television companies in London. Lashmar went to Brazil to have an interview with a criminal in a Brazilian prison. The man was committed with killing 70 people. It was a documentary about people in Brazil who killed small children because they were a nusence to the community. This involved slaughtering them.

Lashmar specialises in areas that include terrorism, intelligence, organised crime, offshore crime, business fraud and the Cold War. As well as being a freelance journalist, Paul is a part-time journalist lecturer at two universities, which are Southampton University and University College Falmouth.
Lashmar mentioned he usually only works on two documentarys a year, this may be on the radio or for a television production.
He also mentioned that after 30 years of dealing with deadlines he is still finding himself doing that.
Paul turned free-lance when he and his family moved to Dorset, he is a consultant on crime programmes.

Wednesday, 21 November 2007

Work Experience-not always easy

Making friends with people on the 'inside', you always think it's going to be easy, not always!

From March 2007 to the end of the summer holidays this year I was working at East Grinstead sports club. Being a friendly club, I used to talk to all the customers that came in everyday.
This one guy called Tim, who plays hockey for the first team up at the sports club asked me what I did besides working and I told him I was starting a journalism course at Falmouth. He told me a little about himself, including the fact he works for a company called 'Colour Systems' up in London. I thought this was really interesting what he had told me about it. Tim produces page layouts for Closer and More magazines.
As I do read More magazine I was generally interested in what else the company delt with. I asked Tim if he would be able to consider talking to his manager for a couple of weeks work experience, seeing as I live quite close to London when I am home.
Time went on, and I had a phone call from Tim one afternoon and he said if I send him my CV and a cover letter then I can have some work for over Christmas.
He used to email me to see how uni was going, but as soon as I emailed the two documents he needed, I think the last time I heard from him was about a month ago...just before I sent it to him.
Some people, you have to mind who you trust. So nothing has come of it yet.

News Writing Assignment 5

Angry protestors fight against Megabucks redevelopment in Moonville, Wishingshire.

Around twenty locals protesting about the Megabucks complex being built and chopping down the heart of Moonville. 200 old trees are trying to be saved by the protestors, the leader of the dwellers; Joseph Bloggs attended a court hearing concerning his removal from the site. He refused to move.
His concerns are not just over the trees that they want to cut down, but also how this will affect the smaller local businesses, how they may go bankrupt.
Not only is it Mr Bloggs concerned with the new development, but a few of the older locals are annoyed at the fact the company wants to get rid of the town's war memorial, this is something that means alot to them. Around 1,700 people have signed a protest petition.
A spokeswoman mentioned "There is a large number of residents that actually want this to go ahead, and we do intend to take into consideration the trees and the war memorial and replace any trees that are cut down."
Within the community, some locals want a greater opportunity to be able to buy cheaper things. The protestors have now been in place for two weeks now. Already on the outskirts of the town is a Megabucks and the community in Moonville don't see the point in moving it to inside the town and ruining their community.
Planning manager, Michael Manning said, "The town is in need of vital regeneration and moving the complex would draw more and more vistors to Moonville everyday."
Now the Megabucks company plan on opening 180 sites around the UK.

News Assignment 6

Around midnight last night, a tragic car crash leaves policeman in hospital and one man dead in Moonville.

After what was a chase for drugs, turned into a horrific car crash. PC Steve Rodgers was after two men in the possession of a rucksack full of drugs. Josephine Rockwell gaves us an interview; "As I came out of work, which is located down Scar Road. I heard the sound of car brakes screaching and then came shortly after two crashes. I ran around the corner to see what had happened. I saw a red VW Golf which had smashed into the front of the corner video shop and a Police car smashed into the town's war memorial. I saw that there was two men inside the red car and the passenger was trying to get free, who seemed quite agitated about the whole sitution.
As I went over to the police car, the policeman was unable to move, but he told me he had radioed for help and it was on it's way." The two ambulances arrived at the scene, the agitated man ran off down a side road. The road was closed forming a long traffic chaos. The ambulances took the two men to St Monty's Hospital where the policeman was treated for his broken left leg, a fractured nose and concussion. The other driver soon died on arrival to St Monty's Hospital.
The passenger is yet to be found and the drugs squad are now in possession of the rucksack.

Friday, 9 November 2007

First Blog

First Blog

Writing my first blog, I didn't really know wht to expect. I suppose it could involve anything you wanted. My main points in this are my worries about my new course (if any at all), what I want to do after my degree, why I am attending Falmouth uni and really what is going on around me.
I thought a blog had to be about on particular thing or interest, but it's so much more.
I have been thinking about what my coping strategies are within the course and living away from home, they mainly involve helpful lecturers, my peers, including closer friends. Peers can always help when it is close to a deadline, looking out for each other and reading through others work can always be helpful. I have experienced, reading through other peoples work helps me find things I may have missed.
Having group discussions and meetings about how people are getting on and finding the work can help, there might be someone finding the work hard and therefore is always good to talk to someone who is maybe in the same situation.
Studying Journalism at Falmouth will open my eyes to the real world. I have a couple of contacts within the industry and during the Christmas period hopefully having the chance to work at Closer and More Magazine.
I have always had an interest in working on page layouts and I have a passion for producing projects using PhotoShop and InDesign.
I am looking forward to experiencing more in the Journalism course, I feel it is very interesting and motivating.

Self Generated-Woman Murdered near Falmouth

Man arrested over woman's murder

As a friend and I travelled down the A394 towards Penzance, we were on our way to St Ives and my friend said "why is there so many police cars around?" I joked and said "theres been a murder" and in fact it was.
To my suprise I had a message sent to me saying "By the way it was the police attending a murder down that road the other day."
A 64-year-old man has been arrested by police
A man has been arrested on suspicion of murdering a woman in Cornwall.
The 39-year-old's body was found at a house in Laity Wendron on the A394 near Helston on Sunday afternoon. The exact cause of death is not yet known.
A murder enquiry was started and armed police and the force helicopter brought in to search for the suspect.
A 64-year-old man was arrested in Redruth and is being held at Camborne Police Station. Part of the A394 was closed in both directions overnight.

Guest Speaker-Helen Gilchrist

'Life Earth Sounds Surf Inspiration'
Life is going well for producer and editor of Stranger magazine. Helen started the beautiful and inspiring magazine herself in September 2004. She mentions that the magazine is 'rootsy and raw' rather than a glossy magazine we always see. Having read the magazine Helen gave out in the lecture, I found it entertaining and rather eye-catching.
Stranger magazine is printed on recycled paper which uses sustainable printing techniques. Stranger gives articles about what is going on around Cornwall for younger people.
There are monthly publications which are actually produced here in Cornwall. They are sold nation wide, inlcuding in London and Brighton. Stranger magazine is mainly aimed at readers aged 18-35. It covers issues such as; Lifestyle and Current Affairs which are interacted in with the internet revolution. Also Skating, Dance and Music and more entertainment publications. There is articles on the 'South West vibe' which is about the young lifestyle publication nationally. There is a very high production within the magazine.
Around the country there is 150 distribution outlets, this includes; art galleries, shops and cafes. Being a small Cornish produced magazine there is a massive competitive industry, there is over 3000 titles. Every year there are around 1000 new titles that are launched, which are added in the competitive industry.
17% of the population prefer to browse the magazines on the shelves in a store rather than actually purchase them. 19% of the population love to read magazines but don't go out and buy them.
Helen produced a 'dummy' issue, this was just to show people what Stranger magazine would constist of and what the readers could expect.
Helen borrowed photographs from a magazine she used to work with. Helen had to make the dummy issue look enticing so people would conintue to buy the magazine after the first issue was produced. Helen has also produced a presentational website to go along side the magazine, you can go online and see whats new with Stranger, you can contact Helen through email or the phone and ask her about the magazine.
To produce the first issue Helen went to the Prince's Trust to sort out a loan, this was to be able to print the issues. Also, there were a number of contributions from talented people around Falmouth and other areas of Cornwall. People heard of the magazine mostly through word of mouth and wanted to get involved. The main issue with producing your own magazine is making sure you always have enough money. This is why Helen had to get a loan to start the first few issues. She didn't charge anyone for the first 7/8 issues and then started charging £1.50.
If you purchase a Stranger magazine you can see that Helen didn't want to 'annoy' her readers by placing alot of adverts in her magazine. People don't want to see adverts taking up most of the space in magazines anymore. A couple is OK because advertisment pays.
As for the website, it has 30,000 vistors a year that's roughly about 900 a day. 73.95% are new visitors, some just checking the website out, having a look to see what it is all about. The average visitor spends about 05.42 minutes on the website, and for Helen that is great. 2.42% of the visitors return to the site after logging on for the first time and that can be between 51 and 100 times a month.
Apart from only talking about Stranger magazine, Helen gave us all information on how to pitch ideas to magazine companies, where we can ask questions like; "what is it's voice/style?, What sort of features/stories does it have?, What are the regualar sections/Where would your story fit in?" These are all good questions to ask yourself and the company.
I found Helen's lecture about Stranger magazine really interesting...maybe I'll ask if she has places for work experience?
You never know!

Tuesday, 30 October 2007

Guest Speaker-Sue Roberts

Sue Roberts from The Press Complaints Commission office in London came to speak to us about her role and a little about what the 'Editors Code of Practice' was about.

You can go online and explore the wonderful facts that Sue explained to us at The website gives you information about the PCC. They deal with complaints from the members of the public, mostly about the contents of the recently edited newspapers and magazines. In 2006, the PCC recieved around 3325 complaints in 2006. Sue gave us information on how the services were quick and easy to use, and most importantly, free. The PCC try and deal with the complaints within 35 working days.
Sue gave us a handout which informed us on the codes of practice. There are 16 regulations to look at and take into consideration. The PCC is an independant company, it's also re-active, it's available on the internet and it deals with newspapers and magazines. The code of practice is now in every journalists' contract, to stick by. They regulate itself, there was a freedom of expression, but up until the 1950's when a body press code was formed and it was not respected. Now there is a loss in the freedom of expression.
The codes of practice is reviewed every year, the last review was completed August 1st 2007 and it has to be completed within all fairness.
To understand what the practicallities are, to be able to 'press' the editor on, so therefore meaning to make sure it's the correct writing and also there is a crossover of great support.
Every complaint is investigated under the editors' Code of Practice, this therefore connects all the national and regional newspapers and magazines together. The Code of Practice is actually formed by the editors, it covers how the news is brought together and how it is reported.

Sunday, 28 October 2007

Guest Speaker-Jilly Easterby

Having recently listened to Jilly Easterby, the head of communications in University College Falmouth.
Being a English Graduate, Jilly went onto working as a publisher in London. She said she used to deal with 'stroppy' celebrities, the likes of Bob Geldolf, Boy George and Betty Davis.
Jilly also worked at the Daily Express, suggesting books for lists and circulation. She had no experience on being a journalist. No idea what was going to hit her, she had an interview with Jimmy Hendrix's former girlfriend, Kathy Etchenam. She uncovered stories on Jimmy, which was seen to be a great deal.

Jilly gave us interesting facts on what she does in and around the college, this included things like; being the editor of the University's prospectus, sorting out the photographs, the colour and what the young people are into. She also hires photographers and designers, tries her best to communicate with the parents of the students who want to attend the college, along with the European MP's and the local community.
She informs us that this is a rewarding, but multitasking job and can be very difficult to manage too many things at once. Jilly also produces things for the university's website. Along with sorting out all of these, she manages to work with the community relations, community delvelopment, this involves what is being done about putting 'Falmouth on the map', trying to find out what peoples' expectations are around Falmouth for the university.

Tuesday, 9 October 2007

News Writing Assignment 1

After a brutal murder in Huyton, Merseyside last year left a family lost without their son after a racist attack with an ice axe. In his honour, a friend set up a remembrance website.

In September, Neil Martin was arrested after posting emails up on the website, suggesting that white people should be celebrating Anthony’s murder and that his family should be burned. Police found images of child pornography on Neil Martin’s computer after being arrested.

Later in court the Liverpool Crown Court Judge Henry Globe QC, the recorder of Liverpool, told Martin: “The intention of the website was innocent, honourable and well motivated. You accessed the website and abused its use, posting highly abusive, insulting and racist messages on the site.” Also, the court then finding out Martin had created an internet profile using Anthony's name and photograph, and that he also posed as a schoolgirl on some teenage chatrooms.

Suggesting that Martin was an isolated man and was therefore living in a fantasy world, Heather Lloyd who was defending, said Martin had no history of being a racist, also that he felt “deeply ashamed”. Martin felt it was right to write a letter of apology to the court and also to the Walker family.

After pleading guilty for the earlier hearings in court to publishing a stir up toward racial hatred and the making of indecent photographs of children, like any family in these circumstances, Anthony’s mother, Gee Walker didn’t accept Martin’s letter of apology,

Mrs. Walker still after hearing what he said in Martin’s apology letter doesn’t buy any of it, she said, she doesn’t accept anything he said. After all, he had time to think and he did it six times. Mrs Walker was happy with the sentence he had been given of two years and eight months in jail, for the race hate crime and further six months consecutively for the child pornography offences.